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Iron deficiency anemia

Also known as Ferropenic Anemia

Iron-deficiency anemia (or iron-deficiency anaemia) is a common anemia (low red blood cell or hemoglobin levels) caused by insufficient dietary intake and absorption of iron, and/or iron loss from bleeding which can originate from a range of sources such as the intestinal, uterine or urinary tract.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with iron deficiency anemia, 39% report having fatigue, 28% report having weakness, and 25% report having dizziness. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of iron deficiency anemia are heavy menstrual flow and melena, although you may still have iron deficiency anemia without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with iron deficiency anemia often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel, electrocardiogram, kidney function tests, complete physical skin exam performed (ml) and hemoglobin a1c measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with iron deficiency anemia include vitamin b 12, ferric oxide, saccharated (venofer), epoetin alfa (procrit), sodium ferric gluconate complex (ferrlecit), iron polysaccharide, ferrous sulfate, ferumoxytol (feraheme), metolazone, goserelin (zoladex), chlorthalidone, desoximetasone topical, sulfasalazine and repaglinide (prandin) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for iron deficiency anemia include race/ethnicity = other, age 75+ years and age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.7x
5-14 years
0.2x
15-29 years
0.5x
30-44 years
0.9x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
1.6x
75+ years
2.0x

Sex

Male
0.7x
Female
1.2x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.0x
Other
1.6x
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