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Intracranial hemorrhage

Also known as Intracranial Bleeding

An intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a hemorrhage, or bleeding, within the skull.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with intracranial hemorrhage, 63% report having headache, 32% report having disturbance of memory, and 32% report having problems with movement. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of intracranial hemorrhage are disturbance of memory and joint pain, although you may still have intracranial hemorrhage without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with intracranial hemorrhage often receive radiographic imaging procedure, x-ray computed tomography, hematologic tests, complete blood count, cat scan of head, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests and glucose measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with intracranial hemorrhage include phenytoin (dilantin), tetanus toxoid vaccine (adacel), amantadine, labetalol, mannitol, donepezil (aricept), nicardipine, plasma protein fraction (plasmanate), fosphenytoin, desmopressin, nimodipine, hypromellose (genteal) and pancuronium .

Phenytoin (Dilantin)
$29
(28 days)
Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine (Adacel)
$50
(7 days)
Amantadine
$28
(28 days)
Labetalol
$19
(28 days)
Mannitol
$9
(14 days)
Donepezil (Aricept)
$210
(28 days)
Nicardipine
$28
(28 days)
Plasma Protein Fraction (Plasmanate)

Fosphenytoin
$23
(7 days)
Desmopressin
$128
(28 days)
Nimodipine
$672
(28 days)
Hypromellose (Genteal)
$6
(21 days)
Pancuronium

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for intracranial hemorrhage include age 75+ years.

Age

< 1 years
0.4x
1-4 years
1.0x
5-14 years
0.7x
15-29 years
1.0x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
1.3x
60-74 years
0.7x
75+ years
1.6x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.1x
Other
0.9x
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