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Injury to the spinal cord

Also known as Spinal Cord Injury and Spinal Cord Trauma

A spinal cord injury (SCI) refers to any injury to the spinal cord that is caused by trauma instead of disease. Depending on where the spinal cord and nerve roots are damaged, the symptoms can vary widely, from pain to paralysis to incontinence. Spinal cord injuries are described at various levels of "incomplete", which can vary from having no effect on the patient to a "complete" injury which means a total loss of function.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with injury to the spinal cord, 60% report having neck pain, 47% report having neck cramps or spasms, and 47% report having back pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of injury to the spinal cord are neck cramps or spasms, throat irritation, foot or toe weakness, arm weakness, and drainage in throat, although you may still have injury to the spinal cord without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with injury to the spinal cord often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, physical therapy exercises, x-ray computed tomography, intravenous fluid replacement, occupational therapy assessment, cat scan of head and cardiac monitoring .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with injury to the spinal cord include baclofen, gabapentin, diazepam (valium), bisacodyl (the magic bullet), lactulose, tolterodine (detrol), trihexyphenidyl (artane), clorazepate, miconazole topical product, botulinum toxin type a (botox), magnesium sulfate, tizanidine and sennosides, usp (perdiem) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for injury to the spinal cord include race/ethnicity = other, age 30-44 years and sex == male. On the other hand, race/ethnicity = hispanic and age < 1 years almost never get injury to the spinal cord.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
1.3x
5-14 years
0.3x
15-29 years
0.6x
30-44 years
1.7x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
1.3x
75+ years
0.6x

Sex

Male
1.9x
Female
0.4x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.4x
Hispanic
0.0x
White
1.0x
Other
3.0x
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