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Injury to the shoulder

Also known as Shoulder injury

Your shoulder joint is composed of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), the scapula (shoulder blade), and the humerus (upper arm bone). Your shoulders are the most movable joints in your body. They can also be unstable because the ball of the upper arm is larger than the shoulder socket that holds it. To remain in a stable or normal position, the shoulder must be anchored by muscles, tendons and ligaments. Because the shoulder can be unstable, it is the site of many common problems. They include sprains, strains, dislocations, separations, tendinitis, bursitis, torn rotator cuffs, frozen shoulder, fractures and arthritis.

Usually shoulder problems are treated with RICE. This stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. Other treatments include exercise, medicines to reduce pain and swelling, and surgery if other treatments don't work.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Source: MedlinePlus

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with injury to the shoulder, 94% report having shoulder pain, 50% report having arm pain, and 39% report having neck pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of injury to the shoulder are shoulder pain, shoulder stiffness or tightness, arm stiffness or tightness, and shoulder swelling, although you may still have injury to the shoulder without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with injury to the shoulder often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, physical therapy exercises, magnetic resonance imaging, application of splint, other therapeutic procedures, other non-or therapeutic procedures on musculoskeletal system and occupational therapy assessment .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with injury to the shoulder include ketoprofen, diclofenac topical product, acetaminophen / caffeine / dihydrocodeine, alfentanil, brompheniramine / diphenhydramine, daunorubicin, dexamethasone / lidocaine, ibuprofen / oxycodone, chlorthalidone / clonidine, brompheniramine / diphenhydramine / phenylephrine, tolazamide, cisatracurium (nimbex) and ginger extract .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for injury to the shoulder include age 45-59 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.2x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
1.2x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
1.1x
75+ years
0.8x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.1x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.0x
Other
0.9x
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