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Injury to the finger

Also known as Finger Injury

You use your fingers and thumbs to do everything from grasping objects to playing musical instruments to typing on a keyboard. When there is something wrong with them, it can make life difficult. Common problems include

  • Injuries that result in fractures, ruptured ligaments and dislocations
  • Osteoarthritis - wear-and-tear arthritis, which can also cause deformity
  • Tendinitis - irritation of the tendons
  • Dupuytren's contracture - a hereditary thickening of the tough tissue that lies just below the skin of your palm, which causes the fingers to stiffen and bend
  • Trigger finger - an irritation of the sheath that surrounds the flexor tendons, sometimes causing the tendon to catch and release like a trigger

Source: MedlinePlus

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with injury to the finger, 66% report having hand or finger pain, 35% report having hand or finger swelling, and 8% report having hand or finger stiffness or tightness. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of injury to the finger are hand or finger pain, hand or finger swelling, and hand or finger stiffness or tightness, although you may still have injury to the finger without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with injury to the finger often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, application of splint, wound care management, suturing of wound, physical therapy exercises, culture wound and traction; splints; and other wound care .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with injury to the finger include cephalexin, cefazolin, tetanus toxoid vaccine (adacel), diphtheria toxoid vaccine / tetanus toxoid vaccine, bupivacaine, cefadroxil, hydrogen peroxide topical, amyl nitrite/na nitrite/na thiosulfate, phenylpropanolamine (e.n.t.), tranylcypromine (parnate), lidocaine topical product, albumin human, usp (albutein) and dimenhydrinate (dramamine) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for injury to the finger include age 5-14 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
1.1x
5-14 years
2.4x
15-29 years
1.3x
30-44 years
1.1x
45-59 years
0.9x
60-74 years
0.3x
75+ years
0.4x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
1.3x
White
1.0x
Other
0.5x
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