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Injury to the arm

Also known as Arm Injury, Upper Extremity Injury, and Upper Limb Injury

Of the 206 bones in your body, 3 of them are in your arm; the humerus, radius and ulna. Your arms are also made up of muscles, joints, tendons and other connective tissue. Injuries to any of these parts of the arm can occur during sports, a fall or an accident.

Types of arm injuries include

Some nerve problems, arthritis, or cancers can affect the entire arm and cause pain, spasms, swelling and trouble moving. You may also have problems or injure specific parts of your arm, such as your hand, wrist, elbow or shoulder.

Source: MedlinePlus

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with injury to the arm, 80% report having wrist pain, 69% report having elbow pain, and 54% report having arm pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of injury to the arm are wrist pain, elbow pain, wrist swelling, elbow swelling, and arm stiffness or tightness, although you may still have injury to the arm without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with injury to the arm often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, application of splint, magnetic resonance imaging, physical therapy exercises, orthopedic casting, traction; splints; and other wound care and occupational therapy assessment .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with injury to the arm include piroxicam, acetaminophen / pseudoephedrine, trimethadione, benzalkonium chloride topical, cladribine, bromfenac (bromday), turmeric extract, estazolam, mefloquine, tolnaftate topical, teriparatide (forteo), balsalazide and dextromethorphan / guaifenesin / phenylephrine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for injury to the arm include age 5-14 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.2x
1-4 years
0.5x
5-14 years
2.0x
15-29 years
1.1x
30-44 years
1.2x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
0.6x
75+ years
0.5x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.1x
Other
1.1x
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