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Inguinal hernia

An inguinal hernia /ˈɪŋɡwɨnəl ˈhɜrniə/ is a protrusion of abdominal-cavity contents through the inguinal canal. They are very common (lifetime risk 27% for men, 3% for women). Though their repair is one of the most frequently performed surgical operations, elective surgery is no longer recommended in minimally symptomatic cases, due to the low risk of incarceration (<0.2% per year) and the significant risk (10–12%) of post herniorraphy pain syndrome.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with inguinal hernia, 57% report having groin pain, 37% report having groin mass, and 36% report having sharp abdominal pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of inguinal hernia are groin pain, groin mass, swollen abdomen, swelling of scrotum, and mass in scrotum, although you may still have inguinal hernia without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with inguinal hernia often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), other or therapeutic nervous system procedures, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), wound care management, prostate specific antigen measurement, rectal examination, excision and sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with inguinal hernia include sevoflurane, nitrous oxide, arnica topical, clindamycin topical product, protamines (protamine), cinnamon preparation, nitrofurazone topical, lecithin, sodium citrate, ropivacaine, ephedrine (kie), tolnaftate topical and thioridazine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for inguinal hernia include sex == male.

Age

< 1 years
1.4x
1-4 years
0.6x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.6x
30-44 years
1.0x
45-59 years
1.3x
60-74 years
1.5x
75+ years
1.2x

Sex

Male
2.1x
Female
0.2x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.1x
Other
1.1x
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