Also known as Ingrown Nail and Onychocryptosis
Onychocryptosis (from Greek ὄνυξ onyx "nail" + κρυπτός kryptos "hidden"), also known as an ingrown toenail, or unguis incarnatus is a common form of nail disease. It is an often painful condition in which the nail grows so that it cuts into one or both sides of the paronychium or nail bed. This condition has been found only in shoe-wearing cultures and does not occur in habitually barefoot people since it requires downward pressure on the nail by a shoe.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with ingrown toe nail, 87% report having irregular appearing nails, 73% report having foot or toe pain, and 46% report having skin on leg or foot looks infected. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of ingrown toe nail are irregular appearing nails, foot or toe pain, skin on leg or foot looks infected, and foot or toe swelling, although you may still have ingrown toe nail without those symptoms.
Patients with ingrown toe nail often receive excision, examination of foot, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), wound care management, other non-or therapeutic procedures on skin and breast, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), incision and drainage and other therapeutic procedures .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with ingrown toe nail include cephalexin, povidone iodine topical (betadine), bupivacaine, phenol topical, terbinafine topical, ciclopirox topical, iodine topical, terbinafine (lamisil), cefadroxil, dehydrocholic acid, chlorpheniramine/pe/ppa/phenyltoloxamine, sulfisoxazole (e.s.p.) and alendronate-cholecalciferol .
Groups of people at highest risk for ingrown toe nail include race/ethnicity = hispanic, age 75+ years and age 5-14 years.