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Infectious gastroenteritis

Also known as Stomach Flu and Gastric Flu

Gastroenteritis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation ("-itis") of the gastrointestinal tract that involves both the stomach ("gastro"-) and the small intestine ("entero"-), resulting in some combination of diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain and cramping. Gastroenteritis has also been referred to as gastro, stomach bug, and stomach virus. Although unrelated to influenza, it has also been called stomach flu and gastric flu.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with infectious gastroenteritis, 91% report having vomiting, 89% report having diarrhea, and 72% report having nausea. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of infectious gastroenteritis are vomiting and diarrhea, although you may still have infectious gastroenteritis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with infectious gastroenteritis often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, urinalysis, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel, glucose measurement and liver function tests .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with infectious gastroenteritis include metronidazole, loperamide (imodium), atropine / diphenoxylate, trimethobenzamide (tigan), bismuth subsalicylate (pepto-bismol), kaolin / pectin, lactobacillus acidophilus and bulgaricus, sodium citrate, sodium hypochlorite topical, dimenhydrinate (dramamine), pepsin a, betamethasone and ammonium lactate topical .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for infectious gastroenteritis include age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
2.7x
1-4 years
3.4x
5-14 years
1.5x
15-29 years
1.0x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
0.6x
60-74 years
0.4x
75+ years
0.6x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
1.3x
White
1.0x
Other
1.2x
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