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Hypokalemia

Also known as Potassium Deficiency, K Deficiency, Hypopotassemia, and Potassium Depletion

Hypokalemia (American English) or hypokalaemia (British English), also hypopotassemia or hypopotassaemia (ICD-9), refers to the condition in which the concentration of potassium (K+) in the blood is low. The prefix hypo- means "under" (contrast with hyper-, meaning "over"); kal- refers to kalium, the Neo-Latin for potassium, and -emia means "condition of the blood."

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with hypokalemia, 62% report having vomiting, 58% report having nausea, and 53% report having sharp abdominal pain.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with hypokalemia often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel, glucose measurement, radiographic imaging procedure and urinalysis .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with hypokalemia include potassium chloride, atropine / diphenoxylate, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (kayexalate), magnesium sulfate, adenosine, dolasetron (anzemet), reteplase, potassium phosphate-sodium phosphate (neutra-phos), posaconazole, magnesium salicylate (magan), amiloride / hydrochlorothiazide, diphenoxylate (lomotil) and papaverine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for hypokalemia include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get hypokalemia.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.8x
30-44 years
1.2x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
1.5x
75+ years
1.5x

Sex

Male
0.7x
Female
1.2x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.1x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.0x
Other
0.9x
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