Also known as Potassium Deficiency, K Deficiency, Hypopotassemia, and Potassium Depletion
Hypokalemia (American English) or hypokalaemia (British English), also hypopotassemia or hypopotassaemia (ICD-9), refers to the condition in which the concentration of potassium (K+) in the blood is low. The prefix hypo- means "under" (contrast with hyper-, meaning "over"); kal- refers to kalium, the Neo-Latin for potassium, and -emia means "condition of the blood."Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with hypokalemia, 62% report having vomiting, 58% report having nausea, and 53% report having sharp abdominal pain.
Patients with hypokalemia often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel, glucose measurement, radiographic imaging procedure and urinalysis .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with hypokalemia include potassium chloride, atropine / diphenoxylate, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (kayexalate), magnesium sulfate, adenosine, dolasetron (anzemet), reteplase, potassium phosphate-sodium phosphate (neutra-phos), posaconazole, magnesium salicylate (magan), amiloride / hydrochlorothiazide, diphenoxylate (lomotil) and papaverine .
|Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate (Kayexalate)||$57|
|Potassium Phosphate-Sodium Phosphate (Neutra-Phos)|
|Magnesium Salicylate (Magan)||$43|
Groups of people at highest risk for hypokalemia include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get hypokalemia.