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Hypoglycemia

Also known as Low Blood Sugar Level

Hypoglycemia (also spelled hypoglycaemia or hypoglycæmia, not to be confused with hyperglycemia) is an abnormally diminished content of glucose in the blood. The term literally means "low sugar blood" (Gr. ὑπογλυκαιμία, from hypo-, glykys, haima). It can produce a variety of symptoms and effects but the principal problems arise from an inadequate supply of glucose to the brain, resulting in impairment of function (neuroglycopenia). Effects can range from mild dysphoria to more serious issues such as seizures, unconsciousness, and (rarely) permanent brain damage or death.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with hypoglycemia, 49% report having depressive or psychotic symptoms, 45% report having weakness, and 39% report having dizziness.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with hypoglycemia often receive hematologic tests, glucose measurement, complete blood count, kidney function tests, intravenous fluid replacement, electrolytes panel, electrocardiogram and urinalysis .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with hypoglycemia include glucagon, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (kayexalate), dopamine, adenosine, octreotide, vecuronium, phenazopyridine / sulfamethoxazole, corn starch topical, lvp solution, diazoxide, urofollitropin (bravelle), pancuronium and acetaminophen / chlorpheniramine / pseudoephedrine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for hypoglycemia include age 75+ years age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.3x
1-4 years
0.4x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.7x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
1.7x
75+ years
2.0x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.3x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.0x
Other
0.9x
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