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Hypertension of pregnancy

Also known as Pregnancy Induced Hypertension, Gestational Hypertension, and High Blood Pressure Caused By Pregnancy

Gestational hypertension or pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is defined as the development of new arterial hypertension in a pregnant woman after 20 weeks gestation without the presence of protein in the urine.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with hypertension of pregnancy, 30% report having problems during pregnancy, 25% report having headache, and 22% report having pain during pregnancy. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of hypertension of pregnancy are problems during pregnancy and pelvic pressure, although you may still have hypertension of pregnancy without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with hypertension of pregnancy often receive urinalysis, ultrasonography, pelvis exam, fetal monitoring, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), hemoglobin a1c measurement, examination of breast and pap smear .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with hypertension of pregnancy include atenolol, labetalol, nifedipine, methyldopa, hydralazine, terbutaline, thioridazine, rubella virus vaccine, ferrous sulfate, propylthiouracil, oxytocin, lactic acid topical and insulin isophane (humulin n) .

Atenolol
$4
(28 days)
Labetalol
$19
(28 days)
Nifedipine
$39
(28 days)
Methyldopa
$12
(28 days)
Hydralazine
$24
(28 days)
Terbutaline
$47
(28 days)
Thioridazine
$18
(28 days)
Rubella Virus Vaccine

Ferrous Sulfate
$3
(28 days)
Propylthiouracil
$10
(28 days)
Oxytocin

Lactic Acid Topical

Insulin Isophane (Humulin N)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for hypertension of pregnancy include age 30-44 years, sex == female and age 15-29 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years, sex == male, age 60-74 years, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, and age < 1 years almost never get hypertension of pregnancy.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
2.6x
30-44 years
2.7x
45-59 years
0.1x
60-74 years
0.0x
75+ years
0.0x

Sex

Male
0.0x
Female
1.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.1x
Other
1.0x
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