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Human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV)

Also known as HIV Infection

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It kills or damages the body's immune system cells. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is the most advanced stage of infection with HIV.

HIV most often spreads through unprotected sex with an infected person. It may also spread by sharing drug needles or through contact with the blood of an infected person. Women can give it to their babies during pregnancy or childbirth.

The first signs of HIV infection may be swollen glands and flu-like symptoms. These may come and go a month or two after infection. Severe symptoms may not appear until months or years later.

A blood test can tell if you have HIV infection. Your health care provider can perform the test, or call the national referral hotline at 1-800-CDC-INFO (24 hours a day, 1-800-232-4636 in English and en español; 1-888-232-6348 - TTY).

There is no cure, but there are many medicines to fight both HIV infection and the infections and cancers that come with it. People can live with the disease for many years.

Source: MedlinePlus

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with human immunodeficiency virus infection (hiv), 9% report having drug abuse, 2% report having fears and phobias, and 2% report having mouth pain.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection (hiv) often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, glucose measurement, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), lipid panel, electrolytes panel, mental health counseling and psychotherapy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection (hiv) include emtricitabine-tenofovir, ritonavir (norvir), atazanavir (reyataz), kaletra, efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir, efavirenz, combivir, lamivudine, abacavir / lamivudine, tenofovir, fluconazole (diflucan), zidovudine and acyclovir .

Emtricitabine-Tenofovir

Ritonavir (Norvir)
$345
(28 days)
Atazanavir (Reyataz)
$880
(28 days)
Kaletra
$693
(28 days)
Efavirenz
$516
(28 days)
Combivir
$790
(28 days)
Lamivudine
$292
(28 days)
Tenofovir

Fluconazole (Diflucan)
$7
(7 days)
Zidovudine
$62
(28 days)
Acyclovir
$44
(21 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for human immunodeficiency virus infection (hiv) include age 30-44 years, race/ethnicity = black and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years almost never get human immunodeficiency virus infection (hiv).

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.3x
15-29 years
0.7x
30-44 years
1.9x
45-59 years
2.1x
60-74 years
0.4x
75+ years
0.0x

Sex

Male
1.5x
Female
0.6x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
2.4x
Hispanic
1.3x
White
0.5x
Other
0.8x
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