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High blood pressure

Also known as HBP, Hypertensive Disease, and Systemic Hypertension

Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure, sometimes called arterial hypertension, is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated. This requires the heart to work harder than normal to circulate blood through the blood vessels. Blood pressure is summarised by two measurements, systolic and diastolic, which depend on whether the heart muscle is contracting (systole) or relaxed between beats (diastole) and equate to a maximum and minimum pressure, respectively. Normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100-140mmHg systolic (top reading) and 60-90mmHg diastolic (bottom reading). High blood pressure is said to be present if it is persistently at or above 140/90 mmHg.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with high blood pressure, 29% report having sharp chest pain and 26% report having headache.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with high blood pressure often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, lipid panel, glucose measurement, electrocardiogram, hemoglobin a1c measurement, ultrasonography and other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation) .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with high blood pressure include hydrochlorothiazide, amlodipine, olmesartan (benicar), hydrochlorothiazide / lisinopril, amlodipine / benazepril, benazepril, quinapril, hydrochlorothiazide / valsartan, glyburide / metformin, amlodipine / atorvastatin, bisoprolol / hydrochlorothiazide, hydrochlorothiazide / olmesartan and amlodipine / valsartan .

Hydrochlorothiazide
$3
(28 days)
Amlodipine
$10
(28 days)
Olmesartan (Benicar)
$74
(28 days)
Benazepril
$8
(28 days)
Quinapril
$15
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for high blood pressure include age 75+ years, age 60-74 years and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, and age < 1 years almost never get high blood pressure.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
0.1x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
2.2x
75+ years
2.1x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.4x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
0.9x
Other
1.0x
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