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Hemiplegia

Hemiplegia /he.mə.pliː.dʒiə/ is total paralysis of the arm, leg, and trunk on the same side of the body. Hemiplegia is more severe than hemiparesis, wherein one half of the body has less marked weakness. Hemiplegia and Hemiparesis may be congenital, or they might be acquired conditions resulting from an illness, an injury, or a stroke.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with hemiplegia, 50% report having seizures, 46% report having headache, and 42% report having focal weakness. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of hemiplegia are focal weakness, slurring words, cramps and spasms, arm weakness, and arm stiffness or tightness, although you may still have hemiplegia without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with hemiplegia often receive radiographic imaging procedure, physical therapy exercises, magnetic resonance imaging, glucose measurement, x-ray computed tomography, electrolytes panel, electrocardiogram and kidney function tests .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with hemiplegia include levetiracetam (keppra), baclofen, carbamazepine, phenytoin (dilantin), botulinum toxin type a (botox), carbidopa / levodopa, hydralazine, phenobarbital, atomoxetine (strattera), cisatracurium (nimbex), ammonium lactate topical, alteplase and dantrolene .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for hemiplegia include race/ethnicity = other age 5-14 years.

Age

< 1 years
1.1x
1-4 years
0.9x
5-14 years
1.8x
15-29 years
0.6x
30-44 years
0.6x
45-59 years
1.3x
60-74 years
1.1x
75+ years
1.0x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.2x
Hispanic
1.0x
White
0.8x
Other
2.1x
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