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Hemarthrosis

Also known as Joint Bleeding

Hemarthrosis (or haemarthrosis, plural h(a)emarthroses) is a bleeding into joint spaces.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with hemarthrosis, 92% report having knee pain, 64% report having knee swelling, and 36% report having knee lump or mass. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of hemarthrosis are knee pain, knee swelling, ankle swelling, knee lump or mass, knee stiffness or tightness, problems with movement, elbow cramps or spasms, and elbow weakness, although you may still have hemarthrosis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with hemarthrosis often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, other therapeutic procedures, physical therapy exercises, application of splint, prothrombin time assay, arthrocentesis and other non-or therapeutic procedures on musculoskeletal system .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with hemarthrosis include warfarin, olmesartan (benicar), hydrochlorothiazide / triamterene, vitamin b 12, factor ix complex (obsolete), cortisone, nifedipine, digoxin, chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, mecamylamine, grepafloxacin (raxar), malathion topical and gemtuzumab (mylotarg) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for hemarthrosis include age 75+ years. On the other hand, race/ethnicity = other and age 1-4 years almost never get hemarthrosis.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
1.2x
15-29 years
0.5x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
0.3x
60-74 years
1.4x
75+ years
4.3x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.3x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.1x
Other
0.0x
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