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Heart failure

Also known as Weak Heart, Heart Weakness, Myocardial Failure, and Cardiac Insufficiency

Heart failure (HF), often called congestive heart failure (CHF) or congestive cardiac failure (CCF), occurs when the heart is unable to provide sufficient pump action to maintain blood flow to meet the needs of the body. Heart failure can cause a number of symptoms including shortness of breath, leg swelling, and exercise intolerance. The condition is diagnosed by patient physical examination and confirmed with echocardiography. Blood tests help to determine the cause. Treatment depends on severity and cause of heart failure. In a chronic patient already in a stable situation, treatment commonly consists of lifestyle measures such as smoking cessation, light exercise, dietary changes, and medications. Sometimes, depending from etiology, it is treated with implanted devices (pacemakers or ventricular assist devices) and occasionally a heart transplant is required.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with heart failure, 77% report having shortness of breath, 47% report having sharp chest pain, and 37% report having difficulty breathing.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with heart failure often receive hematologic tests, radiographic imaging procedure, complete blood count, electrocardiogram, plain x-ray, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel and kidney function tests .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with heart failure include furosemide, carvedilol, warfarin, nitroglycerin, digoxin, spironolactone, isosorbide, amiodarone, hydralazine, bumetanide, metolazone, potassium chloride and torsemide .

Furosemide
$4
(28 days)
Carvedilol
$16
(28 days)
Warfarin
$12
(28 days)
Nitroglycerin
$31
(28 days)
Digoxin
$6
(28 days)
Spironolactone
$11
(28 days)
Isosorbide
$12
(28 days)
Amiodarone
$18
(28 days)
Hydralazine
$24
(28 days)
Bumetanide
$11
(28 days)
Metolazone
$22
(28 days)
Potassium Chloride
$15
(28 days)
Torsemide
$23
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for heart failure include age 75+ years age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.2x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.1x
30-44 years
0.3x
45-59 years
1.0x
60-74 years
2.1x
75+ years
4.3x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.1x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.1x
Other
0.8x
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