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Head injury

Also known as Head Trauma, Craniocerebral Trauma, and Craniocerebral Injury

Any injury that results in trauma to the scalp, skull, or brain can be classified as a head injury. The terms traumatic brain injury and head injury are often used interchangeably in medical literature. This broad classification includes neuronal injuries, hemorrhages, vascular injuries, cranial nerve injuries, and subdural hygromas, among many others. These classifications can be further categorized as open (penetrating) or closed head injuries. This depends on if the skull was broken or not. Because head injuries cover such a broad scope of injuries, there are many causes—including accidents, falls, physical assault, or traffic accidents—that can cause head injuries. Many of these are minor, but some can be severe enough to require hospitalization.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with head injury, 68% report having headache, 36% report having neck pain, and 29% report having dizziness.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with head injury often receive radiographic imaging procedure, x-ray computed tomography, cat scan of head, plain x-ray, suturing of wound, intravenous fluid replacement, wound care management and cardiac monitoring .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with head injury include epinephrine / lidocaine, vecuronium, mannitol, benzalkonium chloride topical, beractant (survanta), pancuronium, plasma protein fraction (plasmanate), tetanus immune globulin, human, opium and ibuprofen / pseudoephedrine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for head injury include age 5-14 years age 1-4 years.

Age

< 1 years
1.4x
1-4 years
2.8x
5-14 years
1.7x
15-29 years
1.2x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
0.6x
60-74 years
0.5x
75+ years
1.0x

Sex

Male
1.3x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.1x
Other
1.2x
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