A hammer toe or contracted toe is a deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the second, third, or fourth toe causing it to be permanently bent, resembling a hammer. Mallet toe is a similar condition affecting the distal interphalangeal joint.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with hammer toe, 90% report having foot or toe pain, 31% report having loss of sensation, and 23% report having skin lesion. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of hammer toe are foot or toe pain and irregular appearing nails, although you may still have hammer toe without those symptoms.
Patients with hammer toe often receive examination of foot, plain x-ray, wound care management, excision, bunionectomy or repair of toe deformities, electrocardiogram, application of splint and partial excision bone .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with hammer toe include midazolam (versed), propofol, fentanyl, cefazolin, bupivacaine, calcium carbonate, celecoxib (celebrex), ropivacaine, epinephrine / lidocaine, naftifine topical, ephedrine (kie), flumazenil and neostigmine .
Groups of people at highest risk for hammer toe include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get hammer toe.