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Goiter

Also known as Enlarged Thyroid, Thyroid Goiter, Thyromegaly, and Thyroid Gland Swelling

A goitre or goiter (Latin gutteria, struma), is a swelling of the thyroid gland, which can lead to a swelling of the neck or larynx (voice box). Goitre is a term that refers to an enlargement of the thyroid (thyromegaly) and can be associated with a thyroid gland that is functioning properly or not.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with goiter, 22% report having fatigue, 15% report having weight gain, and 12% report having neck mass. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of goiter are neck mass, neck swelling, lump in throat, and feeling hot and cold, although you may still have goiter without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with goiter often receive hematologic tests, ultrasonography, lipid panel, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), hemoglobin a1c measurement, biopsy, excision and examination of breast .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with goiter include methimazole, calcium citrate, glyburide / metformin, nizatidine (axid), ethinyl estradiol / norelgestromin, cholecalciferol, exenatide (byetta), gadoteridol (prohance), bromfenac (bromday), acebutolol, moexipril, dexamethasone ophthalmic and goserelin (zoladex) .

Methimazole
$14
(28 days)
Calcium Citrate
$6
(21 days)
Nizatidine (Axid)
$39
(28 days)
Cholecalciferol
$3
(21 days)
Exenatide (Byetta)
$240
(28 days)
Gadoteridol (Prohance)

Bromfenac (Bromday)
$198
(28 days)
Acebutolol
$17
(28 days)
Moexipril
$30
(28 days)
Dexamethasone Ophthalmic

Goserelin (Zoladex)
$550
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for goiter include sex == female. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get goiter.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.8x
30-44 years
1.2x
45-59 years
1.4x
60-74 years
1.3x
75+ years
1.2x

Sex

Male
0.3x
Female
1.5x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.3x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.0x
Other
1.2x
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