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Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a term describing a group of ocular disorders with multi-factorial etiology united by a clinically characteristic intraocular pressure-associated optic neuropathy. This can permanently damage vision in the affected eye(s) and lead to blindness if left untreated. It is normally associated with increased fluid pressure in the eye (aqueous humour). The term "ocular hypertension" is used for people with consistently raised intraocular pressure (IOP) without any associated optic nerve damage. Conversely, the term 'normal tension' or 'low tension' glaucoma is used for those with optic nerve damage and associated visual field loss, but normal or low IOP.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with glaucoma, 46% report having diminished vision, 32% report having pain in eye, and 26% report having symptoms of eye. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of glaucoma are symptoms of eye, spots or clouds in vision, blindness, and itchy eyelid, although you may still have glaucoma without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with glaucoma often receive ophthalmic examination and evaluation, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, lens and cataract procedures, diagnostic procedures on eye, glaucoma procedures, other intraocular therapeutic procedures and other extraocular muscle and orbit therapeutic procedures .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with glaucoma include latanoprost, bimatoprost ophthalmic, brimonidine ophthalmic, timolol, travoprost (travatan), prednisolone ophthalmic, brimonidine-timolol ophthalmic, dorzolamide ophthalmic, brinzolamide ophthalmic, tropicamide ophthalmic, apraclonidine ophthalmic, acetazolamide (diamox) and pilocarpine ophthalmic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for glaucoma include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get glaucoma.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.1x
30-44 years
0.2x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
2.5x
75+ years
3.7x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.2x
Hispanic
1.2x
White
0.9x
Other
1.3x
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