Also known as GI Bleeding, Gi Bleed, Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Gastrointestinal Bleed, and GI Hemorrhage
Gastrointestinal bleeding or gastrointestinal hemorrhage describes every form of hemorrhage (loss of blood) in the gastrointestinal tract, from the pharynx to the rectum. It has diverse causes, and a medical history, as well as physical examination, generally distinguishes between the main forms. The degree of bleeding can range from nearly undetectable to acute, massive, life-threatening bleeding.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with gastrointestinal hemorrhage, 75% report having blood in stool, 68% report having rectal bleeding, and 53% report having sharp abdominal pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of gastrointestinal hemorrhage are blood in stool, rectal bleeding, melena, vomiting blood, and changes in stool appearance, although you may still have gastrointestinal hemorrhage without those symptoms.
Patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel, radiographic imaging procedure and electrocardiogram .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage include pantoprazole, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (kayexalate), octreotide, vitamin k 1 (mephyton), dopamine, glucagon, glycerin (fleet), benzocaine topical, ferric oxide, saccharated (venofer), guar gum, pemoline, dexmedetomidine (precedex) and dipivefrin ophthalmic .
|Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate (Kayexalate)||$57|
|Vitamin K 1 (Mephyton)||$44|
|Ferric Oxide, Saccharated (Venofer)|
Groups of people at highest risk for gastrointestinal hemorrhage include age 75+ years age 60-74 years.