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Gastrointestinal hemorrhage

Also known as GI Bleeding, Gi Bleed, Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Gastrointestinal Bleed, and GI Hemorrhage

Gastrointestinal bleeding or gastrointestinal hemorrhage describes every form of hemorrhage (loss of blood) in the gastrointestinal tract, from the pharynx to the rectum. It has diverse causes, and a medical history, as well as physical examination, generally distinguishes between the main forms. The degree of bleeding can range from nearly undetectable to acute, massive, life-threatening bleeding.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with gastrointestinal hemorrhage, 75% report having blood in stool, 68% report having rectal bleeding, and 53% report having sharp abdominal pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of gastrointestinal hemorrhage are blood in stool, rectal bleeding, melena, vomiting blood, and changes in stool appearance, although you may still have gastrointestinal hemorrhage without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel, radiographic imaging procedure and electrocardiogram .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage include pantoprazole, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (kayexalate), octreotide, vitamin k 1 (mephyton), dopamine, glucagon, glycerin (fleet), benzocaine topical, ferric oxide, saccharated (venofer), guar gum, pemoline, dexmedetomidine (precedex) and dipivefrin ophthalmic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for gastrointestinal hemorrhage include age 75+ years age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.5x
1-4 years
0.4x
5-14 years
0.3x
15-29 years
0.4x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
1.7x
75+ years
2.8x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.1x
Other
1.1x
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