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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Also known as Reflux and GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), gastric reflux disease, or acid reflux disease is a chronic symptom of mucosal damage caused by stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the esophagus.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd), 44% report having sharp chest pain, 43% report having sharp abdominal pain, and 33% report having vomiting. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd) are heartburn, although you may still have gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd) without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd) often receive electrocardiogram, lipid panel, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), hemoglobin a1c measurement, sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy; biopsy, rectal examination and mammography .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd) include omeprazole, esomeprazole (nexium), ranitidine, lansoprazole (prevacid), pantoprazole, aluminum hydroxide / magnesium hydroxide, rabeprazole (aciphex), atropine / hyoscyamine / phenobarbital / scopolamine, sucralfate (carafate), dexlansoprazole (dexilant), nizatidine (axid), trandolapril / verapamil and aluminum hydroxide (m.a.h.) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd) include age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
2.5x
1-4 years
0.5x
5-14 years
0.5x
15-29 years
0.5x
30-44 years
0.9x
45-59 years
1.3x
60-74 years
1.4x
75+ years
1.1x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
1.0x
White
1.0x
Other
0.9x
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