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Fracture of the vertebra

Also known as Spine Fracture and Spinal Fracture

A spinal cord injury (SCI) refers to any injury to the spinal cord that is caused by trauma instead of disease. Depending on where the spinal cord and nerve roots are damaged, the symptoms can vary widely, from pain to paralysis to incontinence. Spinal cord injuries are described at various levels of "incomplete", which can vary from having no effect on the patient to a "complete" injury which means a total loss of function.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with fracture of the vertebra, 79% report having back pain, 66% report having low back pain, and 47% report having neck pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of fracture of the vertebra are bones are painful, leg stiffness or tightness, hip weakness, and muscle stiffness or tightness, although you may still have fracture of the vertebra without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with fracture of the vertebra often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, x-ray computed tomography, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, urinalysis, kidney function tests and electrolytes panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with fracture of the vertebra include iohexol (omnipaque), ioversol, carbinoxamine / dextromethorphan / phenylephrine, fesoterodine (toviaz), flumazenil, iron polysaccharide, ethosuximide, teriparatide (forteo), caffeine, lenalidomide (revlimid), peri-colace, iopamidol (isovue) and zoster vaccine live .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for fracture of the vertebra include age 75+ years.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.3x
15-29 years
0.7x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
0.9x
60-74 years
1.4x
75+ years
3.3x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.4x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.3x
Other
0.8x
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