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Fracture of the skull

Also known as Skull Fracture

A skull fracture is a break in one or more of the eight bones that form the cranial portion of the skull, usually occurring as a result of blunt force trauma. If the force of the impact is excessive, the bone may fracture at or near the site of the impact and cause damage to the underlying physical structures contained within the skull such as the membranes, blood vessels, and brain, even in the absence of a fracture.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with fracture of the skull, 54% report having headache, 30% report having facial pain, and 30% report having vomiting.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with fracture of the skull often receive radiographic imaging procedure, x-ray computed tomography, cat scan of head, plain x-ray, intravenous fluid replacement, complete blood count, kidney function tests and electrolytes panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with fracture of the skull include tetanus toxoid vaccine (adacel), diphtheria toxoid vaccine / tetanus toxoid vaccine, cefazolin, diphtheria toxoid vaccine (prohibit), codeine / iodinated glycerol, mannitol, dapsone, dopamine, fosphenytoin, lidocaine-prilocaine topical, ketamine, abacavir / lamivudine and acellular pertussis vaccine / diphtheria toxoid vaccine / tetanus toxoid vaccine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for fracture of the skull include race/ethnicity = other, sex == male, age 15-29 years and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
3.8x
1-4 years
1.4x
5-14 years
1.2x
15-29 years
1.6x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
0.7x
60-74 years
0.4x
75+ years
0.6x

Sex

Male
1.8x
Female
0.4x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
1.3x
White
1.0x
Other
1.5x
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