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Fracture of the jaw

Also known as Broken Jaw and Jaw Fracture

Fractures of the upper or lower jaw.

Source: MeSH

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with fracture of the jaw, 72% report having facial pain, 31% report having peripheral edema, and 26% report having jaw swelling. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of fracture of the jaw are facial pain, jaw swelling, mouth pain, bleeding gums, and bleeding in mouth, although you may still have fracture of the jaw without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with fracture of the jaw often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, x-ray computed tomography, intravenous fluid replacement, cat scan of head, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel and wound care management .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with fracture of the jaw include cefazolin, clindamycin, tetanus toxoid vaccine (adacel), chlorhexidine topical, thiamine, cisatracurium (nimbex), estrone (estrogenic), doxylamine (unisom), acetic acid topical, vecuronium, diphtheria toxoid vaccine (prohibit), rocuronium and droperidol .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for fracture of the jaw include sex == male, race/ethnicity = black and age 15-29 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.3x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.9x
15-29 years
3.0x
30-44 years
1.0x
45-59 years
0.6x
60-74 years
0.2x
75+ years
0.1x

Sex

Male
1.8x
Female
0.4x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.6x
Hispanic
1.2x
White
0.8x
Other
1.0x
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