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Food allergy

Also known as Food Hypersensitivity

A food allergy is an adverse immune response to a food protein. They are distinct from other adverse responses to food, such as food intolerance, pharmacological reactions, and toxin-mediated reactions.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with food allergy, 85% report having allergic reaction, 62% report having skin rash, and 38% report having itching of skin. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of food allergy are allergic reaction, lip swelling, and sneezing, although you may still have food allergy without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with food allergy often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), other diagnostic procedures on skin and subcutaneous tissue, hemoglobin a1c measurement, referral to home health care service and other therapeutic ear procedures .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with food allergy include diphenhydramine (benadryl), epinephrine, famotidine, cetirizine (zyrtec), montelukast (singulair), prednisolone, hydrocortisone topical, triamcinolone, budesonide, fluticasone topical product, ketotifen ophthalmic, bepotastine ophthalmic and levocetirizine (xyzal) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for food allergy include race/ethnicity = other, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, race/ethnicity = black and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
2.5x
1-4 years
4.8x
5-14 years
3.1x
15-29 years
0.7x
30-44 years
0.5x
45-59 years
0.2x
60-74 years
0.4x
75+ years
0.1x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.6x
Hispanic
1.0x
White
0.8x
Other
1.7x
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