Listing female conditions

Displaying 1 - 50 of 101 in total

Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP)
A rare, but life-threatening, complication of late pregnancy or the time immediately after delivery. It is related to a specific genetic mutation, causing fat to accumulate in the liver, potentially leading to organ failure.
Atrophic vaginitis
An inflammation of the vagina due to thinning of the tissues and decreased lubrication. This typically occurs due to lower levels of the hormone estrogen, for instance after menopause. It can lead to soreness, itching, and painful intercourse. It is treated with estrogen creams and lubrication.
Behcet disease
A rare disease leading to ulcers in a variety of locations and vision problems. The exact cause is unknown, though it involves immune attack of blood vessels.
Benign vaginal discharge (leukorrhea)
A non-dangerous release of thick, white or yellow fluid from the vagina. This can occur normally with hormonal changes during a woman's menstrual cycle or during pregnancy. If the fluid has a darker color or foul odor, it may be due to an infection.
Bone disorder
Any problem relating to the bones, including abnormal growth, abnormal breakdown, inflammation or infection of the bones, or broken bones.
Breast cancer
A malignant transformation of the tissues of the breast. Cancer can arise from the ducts, glands, or other tissues within the breast. Signs include breast lumps, skin dimpling, and discharge from the nipple. Though less common, men are also afflicted.
Breast cyst
Non-dangerous fluid filled sacs that develop in the breast. They can be felt as round bumps with distinct edges that feel like grapes. They are caused by blockage and then dilation of milk ducts and do not require treatment unless painful.
Breast infection (mastitis)
An inflammation of breast tissue, typically due to a bacterial infection. This most commonly occurs during breast feeding, due to milk excess or blocked milk ducts. It can also occur due to an infection following nipple piercing or from a variety of other non-infectious causes.
Bunion
A bony bump at the joint connecting the big toe to the foot. It is caused when the big toe begins bending outwards, toward the other toes. The exact cause is unknown, with hypotheses regarding genetic causes or the use of tight fitting shoes.
Cervical cancer
A malignant transformation of the tissues of the cervix in women. The cervix is the area connecting the vagina to the uterus. These cancers are often caused by long-term viral infection and can be prevented with vaccination or regular screening (pap smears).
Cervical disorder
Any problem relating to the cervix in a woman. The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus (i.e. the womb) where it connects with the vagina. Common problems include inflammation or infection, growths (either cancerous or noncancerous), and cervical incompetence (where the cervix is too wide during pregnancy, potentially leading to miscarriage).
Cervicitis
An infection of the cervix, usually from gonorrhea or chlamydia, which can spread into the uterus to cause pelvic inflammatory disease.
Chagas disease
A disease caused by infection by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. It is common in tropical areas of Mexico and Central and South America. It is spread by certain insects and can lead to enlargement of the heart, esophagus, or colon.
Connective tissue disorder
Any of a number of diseases involving the connective tissue, the structures that support and bind together organs. These are often caused by attack by the body's immune system and involve blood vessels (termed: vasculitides).
Conversion disorder
A psychological condition in which psychological stress shows up in physical ways. Common symptoms include numbness, blindness, paralysis, and fits, without any identifiable physical cause. A person with conversion disorder truly believes and experiences these symptoms.
Cystitis
Cystitis is a urinary bladder (the organ that holds urine) inflammation that can result from bruising, bacterial or parasitic infection, and medications.
De Quervain disease
A painful inflammation of the sheath that surrounds the tendons controlling thumb movement. The cause is unknown, but is thought to involve overuse or direct injury.
Dissociative disorder
A psychological condition in which a person involuntarily loses memory, awareness, identity, or perception following a significant life trauma.
Eating disorder
A psychological condition characterized by abnormal eating habits (either too much or too little food intake) that are detrimental to the person. This includes conditions such as anorexia, bulemia, binge eating, etc.
Ectopic pregnancy
A complication of pregnancy in which the embryo is implanted outside of "the womb" or uterine cavity. These pregnancies generally cannot result in viable birth and can lead to potentially life-threatening bleeding in the mother. Risk factors include a history of pelvic inflammatory disease, prior surgeries, and use of intrauterine devices.
Endometrial cancer
A malignant transformation of the cells of the inner lining of the uterus. The uterus is the female reproductive organ that holds the fetus during pregnancy. Diagnosis is typically made after a gynecologist performs an endometrial biopsy.
Endometrial hyperplasia
A condition of excess growth of the cells of the endometrium, the inner lining of the uterus (i.e. the womb). Most cases are due to high levels of estrogen hormones. This is common in obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome, certain tumors, and estrogen replacement therapy.
Endometriosis
A condition in which the type of tissue that typically lines the inside cavity of the uterus (i.e. the womb) begins growing outside of the uterine cavity. This often leads to extremely painful menstrual cycles (i.e. the period) and can also lead to infertility.
Female genitalia infection
An umbrella term for any infection of the external female sexual organs, including the labia majora, labia minora, and clitoris. The most common infections (though not all) are due to sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea or chlamydia.
Female infertility of unknown cause
Infertility is defined as an inability to conceive after regular unprotected sexual intercourse for 12 months. In 20% of cases, the underlying problem cannot be found.
Fibroadenoma
A non-dangerous lump of tissue that can develop in the breasts of women (and sometimes men). Unlike breast cancers, these often grow and shrink based on a woman's menstrual cycle (i.e. "the period").
Fibrocystic breast disease
A common, non-dangerous condition marked by development of lumps in the breast. These lumps can characteristically expand and cause pain during certain portions of a woman's menstrual cycle (i.e. "the period).
Foreign body in the vagina
A condition in which an object originating outside of the body is stuck in the vaginal canal. This is commonly due to forgotten tampons. The object should be removed immediately to prevent serious infections, such as toxic shock syndrome.
Friedrich ataxia
A genetic disease that runs in families, leading to progressive damage to the nervous system and problems with walking and speech. It does not affect thinking ability.
Galactorrhea of unknown cause
Galactorrhea is the spontaneous flow of milk from the breasts in those not pregnant or breastfeeding. It can occur in either men or women. It is said to be of unknown cause when a cause cannot be determined despite adequate workup by a physician.
Gas gangrene
A fast-spreading, potentially deadly disease caused by infection by certain bacteria leading to death of tissues, most often the skin and tissues directly under the skin. It typically requires surgery to remove infected tissue.
Gestational diabetes
An increase in blood sugar levels in a pregnant woman who did not previously have diabetes. This condition needs to be carefully monitored for the safety of the baby, and though blood sugar levels typically return to normal after pregnancy, the woman is at risk for developing diabetes in the future.
Goiter
A swelling of the neck due to enlargement of the thyroid gland. The thyroid creates hormones involved in metabolism and other functions. Worldwide, it is most likely to be caused by iodine deficiency, but in the United States it is more likely to be caused by nodules or changes in thyroid hormone levels.
Graves disease
The thyroid gland releases hormones responsible for energy consumption. In Graves disease, the immune system causes the thyroid to be overactive and release too many hormones. Treatments include medications to suppress hormone release, as well as radiation or surgery to remove the thyroid.
Hashimoto thyroiditis
An often inherited disorder characterized by inflammation of the thyroid gland due to attack from the body's own immune system. The thyroid releases hormones that help regulate metabolism. This is the most common cause of hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone) in North America. It is typically treated with thyroid hormone replacement therapy.
Hirsutism
A condition of excess hairiness in women, particularly involving coarse dark hairs growing in places they do not usually occur, such as the cheeks or chest. There are a number of causes, including polycystic ovary syndrome, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Cushing's disease, and certain medications.
Hormone disorder
Any disease causing problems with hormones, the chemicals that regulate many bodily functions. This includes thyroid diseases, delayed or early puberty, growth problems, diabetes, and many other diseases.
HPV
A group of viruses known as human papillomaviruses that cause warts on the hands, feet, and genitals. Some forms are sexually transmitted, and can lead to a variety of cancers, most commonly of the cervix.
Hydatidiform mole
A noncancerous mass or growth of tissue that forms inside of the womb at the beginning of pregnancy. The exact cause is not fully understood, but it is due to a major problem during conception, leading to a nonviable fertilized egg (for instance, sperm combining with an egg without DNA or an egg combining with 2 sperms)
Hyperemesis gravidarum
A complication of pregnancy in which the woman experiences nausea and vomiting that is severe and will not go away, potentially leading to dehydration and electrolyte imbalances. The cause is poorly understood.
Hypertension of pregnancy
High blood pressure in a pregnant woman. This is not uncommon, but if not properly managed can lead to complications in pregnancy. If accompanied by excess protein in the urine, it may be a sign of a more serious and potentially life-threatening condition known as pre-eclampsia.
Hypothyroidism
A relative deficiency of thyroid hormone (T3). T3 is the major regulator of metabolism - slowing of the body's metabolism leads to lower body temperature, constipation, and may be life-threatening if severe.
Idiopathic absence of menstruation
A prolonged period of time without any menstrual flow (i.e. the period). It is described as idiopathic when a cause cannot be been determined despite adequate workup by a physician.
Idiopathic excessive menstruation
Any increase in how often a woman has menstrual cycles (i.e. "the period") or how much flow she has during these cycles, for which there is no clear cause despite workup by a physician.
Idiopathic infrequent menstruation
A condition in which menstrual cycles (i.e. "the period") in women do not occur as often as they normally should (every 21 to 35 days). It is considered idiopathic if no known cause can be found despite adequate workup by a physician.
Idiopathic irregular menstrual cycle
A condition in which a woman's menstrual cycle (i.e. "the period") are not regular in timing, yet an exact cause cannot be found despite testing. Menstrual cycles usually occur consistently every 21 to 35 days.
Idiopathic nonmenstrual bleeding
Bleeding from the vagina that is not during menstruation (i.e. "the period") and for which a cause cannot be determined, despite thorough investigation by a physician.
Idiopathic painful menstruation
Pain during a woman's menstrual cycle (e.g. "the period") that is more than typical cramping and for which a cause cannot be determined despite workup by a physician.
Induced abortion
The purposeful termination of pregnancy by removing the fetus or embryo from the womb before it is viable. Though very safe when performed by a physician through legal means, it can be life threatening when attempted without proper medical care.
Mastectomy
The surgical removal of one or both breasts, either partially or completely. This is often done to treat or prevent breast cancer.
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