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Epilepsy

Also known as Seizure Disorder

Epilepsy is a common and diverse set of chronic neurological disorders characterized by seizures. Some definitions of epilepsy require that seizures be recurrent and unprovoked, but others require only a single seizure combined with brain alterations which increase the chance of future seizures. In many cases a cause cannot be identified; however, factors that are associated include brain trauma, strokes, brain cancer, and drug and alcohol misuse among others.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with epilepsy, 91% report having seizures, 32% report having headache, and 13% report having abnormal involuntary movements. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of epilepsy are seizures, although you may still have epilepsy without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with epilepsy often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, x-ray computed tomography, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), magnetic resonance imaging, cat scan of head, electroencephalogram (eeg) and toxicology screen .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with epilepsy include levetiracetam (keppra), phenytoin (dilantin), lamotrigine (lamictal), divalproex sodium (depakote), carbamazepine, topiramate (topamax), oxcarbazepine (trileptal), phenobarbital, zonisamide, valproic acid, fosphenytoin, ethosuximide and lacosamide (vimpat) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for epilepsy include age 5-14 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.4x
1-4 years
0.9x
5-14 years
1.8x
15-29 years
1.3x
30-44 years
1.1x
45-59 years
1.0x
60-74 years
0.6x
75+ years
0.4x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.1x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
0.9x
Other
0.9x
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