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Endophthalmitis

Endophthalmitis is an inflammation of the internal coats of the eye. It is a possible complication of all intraocular surgeries, particularly cataract surgery, with possible loss of vision and the eye itself. Infectious etiology is the most common and various bacteria and fungi have been isolated as the cause of the endophthalmitis. Other causes include penetrating trauma and retained intraocular foreign bodies.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with endophthalmitis, 86% report having pain in eye, 83% report having eye redness, and 56% report having swollen eye. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of endophthalmitis are pain in eye, eye redness, swollen eye, itchiness of eye, mass on eyelid, painful sinuses, and lacrimation, although you may still have endophthalmitis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with endophthalmitis often receive other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, ophthalmic examination and evaluation, nonoperative removal of foreign body, excision of skin lesion, other diagnostic procedures on skin and subcutaneous tissue, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, microscopic examination (bacterial smear; culture; toxicology) and biopsy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with endophthalmitis include erythromycin, erythromycin ophthalmic, sodium sulfacetamide ophthalmic, suprofen ophthalmic, bacitracin ophthalmic, loteprednol ophthalmic, sulfamethoxazole (bactrim), ethinyl estradiol / norelgestromin, acetazolamide (diamox), fluorescein ophthalmic, paclitaxel (taxol), tetracaine (one touch) and beclomethasone nasal product .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for endophthalmitis include race/ethnicity = hispanic race/ethnicity = black. On the other hand, race/ethnicity = other almost never get endophthalmitis.

Age

< 1 years
0.9x
1-4 years
0.9x
5-14 years
1.3x
15-29 years
1.3x
30-44 years
1.2x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
0.2x
75+ years
0.6x

Sex

Male
0.9x
Female
1.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.6x
Hispanic
1.5x
White
0.8x
Other
0.0x
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