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Endometriosis

Also known as Displaced endometrial tissue

Endometriosis is a gynecological medical condition in which cells from the lining of the uterus (endometrium) appear and flourish outside the uterine cavity, most commonly on the membrane which lines the abdominal cavity. The uterine cavity is lined with endometrial cells, which are under the influence of female hormones. Endometrial-like cells in areas outside the uterus (endometriosis) are influenced by hormonal changes and respond in a way that is similar to the cells found inside the uterus. Symptoms often worsen with the menstrual cycle.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with endometriosis, 67% report having pelvic pain, 61% report having sharp abdominal pain, and 30% report having lower abdominal pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of endometriosis are pelvic pain, painful menstruation, heavy menstrual flow, infertility, intermenstrual bleeding, hot flashes, and absence of menstruation, although you may still have endometriosis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with endometriosis often receive pelvis exam, urinalysis, ultrasonography, standard pregnancy test, examination of breast, excision, rectal examination and chlamydia test .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with endometriosis include leuprolide (lupron), medroxyprogesterone, portia, clomiphene (clomid), norethindrone (loestrin fe), progesterone, human chorionic gonadotropin (hcg), modicon, ethinyl estradiol / norgestrel, ethinyl estradiol / ethynodiol, rocuronium, sevoflurane and butorphanol (stadol) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for endometriosis include age 30-44 years, sex == female and age 15-29 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years, sex == male, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, and age < 1 years almost never get endometriosis.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
1.8x
30-44 years
2.7x
45-59 years
0.7x
60-74 years
0.1x
75+ years
0.0x

Sex

Male
0.0x
Female
1.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
1.0x
White
1.0x
Other
0.9x
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