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Encephalitis

Also known as Brain Inflammation

Encephalitis (from Ancient Greek ἐνκέφαλος enképhalos “brain”, composed of ἐν “in” and κέφαλος “head”, and the medical suffix -itis “inflammation”) is an acute inflammation of the brain. Encephalitis with meningitis is known as meningoencephalitis. Symptoms include headache, fever, confusion, drowsiness, and fatigue. More advanced and serious symptoms include seizures or convulsions, tremors, hallucinations, and memory problems.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with encephalitis, 62% report having headache, 53% report having loss of sensation, and 53% report having seizures. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of encephalitis are disturbance of memory and leg weakness, although you may still have encephalitis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with encephalitis often receive radiographic imaging procedure, magnetic resonance imaging, physical therapy exercises, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), occupational therapy assessment, liver function tests, diagnostic spinal tap and physical therapy exercises; manipulation; and other procedures .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with encephalitis include baclofen, gabapentin, tizanidine, diazepam (valium), pregabalin (lyrica), lamotrigine (lamictal), interferon beta-1a (avonex), valproic acid, vancomycin, diclofenac, topiramate (topamax), albumin human, usp (albutein) and oxaprozin .

Baclofen
$18
(28 days)
Gabapentin
$25
(28 days)
Tizanidine
$25
(28 days)
Diazepam (Valium)
$7
(28 days)
Pregabalin (Lyrica)
$148
(28 days)
Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
$63
(28 days)
Interferon Beta-1A (Avonex)
$2711
(28 days)
Valproic Acid

Vancomycin
$303
(7 days)
Diclofenac
$59
(28 days)
Topiramate (Topamax)
$67
(28 days)
Albumin Human, Usp (Albutein)

Oxaprozin
$20
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for encephalitis include age 5-14 years age 45-59 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.6x
1-4 years
0.3x
5-14 years
1.8x
15-29 years
0.6x
30-44 years
1.1x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
1.0x
75+ years
0.2x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
1.2x
White
1.0x
Other
1.1x
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