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Empyema

An empyema (from Greek: ἐμπύημα) is a collection of pus within a naturally existing anatomical cavity, such as the lung pleura. It must be differentiated from an abscess, which is a collection of pus in a newly formed cavity.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with empyema, 69% report having cough, 63% report having shortness of breath, and 44% report having hurts to breath. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of empyema are hurts to breath, although you may still have empyema without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with empyema often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, x-ray computed tomography, intravenous fluid replacement, electrolytes panel, cardiac enzymes measurement, kidney function tests and glucose measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with empyema include bactrim, docusate (colace), clonidine, aminophylline, ceftazidime, collagenase topical, zosyn, terazosin, erythromycin, budesonide, levalbuterol (xopenex), cefazolin and oxygen .

Bactrim
$8
(14 days)
Docusate (Colace)
$3
(21 days)
Clonidine
$23
(28 days)
Aminophylline
$6
(28 days)
Ceftazidime
$199
(7 days)
Collagenase Topical

Zosyn
$520
(7 days)
Terazosin
$8
(28 days)
Erythromycin
$16
(14 days)
Budesonide
$281
(28 days)
Levalbuterol (Xopenex)
$67
(21 days)
Cefazolin
$90
(7 days)
Oxygen

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for empyema include age 30-44 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.6x
5-14 years
1.2x
15-29 years
0.4x
30-44 years
1.9x
45-59 years
1.0x
60-74 years
1.3x
75+ years
0.4x

Sex

Male
1.3x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
1.0x
White
1.1x
Other
1.4x
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