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Edward syndrome

Also known as Trisomy 18 Syndrome

Edwards syndrome (also known as Trisomy 18 ) is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of an extra 18th chromosome. This genetic condition almost always results from nondisjunction during meiosis. It is named after John Hilton Edwards, who first described the syndrome in 1960. It is the second most common autosomal trisomy, after Down's syndrome, that carries to term.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with edward syndrome, 68% report having suprapubic pain, 68% report having fever, and 8% report having preoccupation with sex. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of edward syndrome are suprapubic pain, knee lump or mass, excessive growth, vulvar sore, shoulder swelling, wrist weakness, nailbiting, itchy eyelid, cross-eyed, eye strain, and joint stiffness or tightness, although you may still have edward syndrome without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with edward syndrome often receive indwelling catheter, microscopic examination (bacterial smear; culture; toxicology), physical therapy exercises, ultrasonography, corneal transplant, transurethral resection of prostate (turp), coronary thrombolysis and control of epistaxis .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with edward syndrome include polyethylene glycol 3350 (miralax), budesonide nasal product, nystatin topical product, calcium carbonate, cetirizine (zyrtec), metoclopramide, influenza virus vaccine, inactivated, chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, air, mecamylamine, troleandomycin, indium oxyquinoline in-111 (indium in-111 oxyquinoline) and pipecuronium (arduan) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for edward syndrome include age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years. On the other hand, age 45-59 years almost never get edward syndrome.

Age

< 1 years
5.3x
1-4 years
5.5x
5-14 years
2.0x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
0.9x
45-59 years
0.0x
60-74 years
0.1x
75+ years
0.1x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
1.2x
White
1.1x
Other
0.2x
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