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Drug withdrawal

Also known as Substance Withdrawal Syndrome

Withdrawal is the group of symptoms that occur upon the abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of medications or recreational drugs.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with drug withdrawal, 59% report having vomiting, 53% report having nausea, and 45% report having antisocial behavior. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of drug withdrawal are antisocial behavior and chills, although you may still have drug withdrawal without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with drug withdrawal often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, urinalysis, intravenous fluid replacement, glucose measurement, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel and electrocardiogram .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with drug withdrawal include clonidine, methadone, buprenorphine / naloxone, dicyclomine, loperamide (imodium), chlordiazepoxide, droperidol, chlorthalidone / clonidine, magnesium gluconate (almora), chloral hydrate, amylases, potassium citrate and buprenorphine (suboxone) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for drug withdrawal include age 30-44 years age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get drug withdrawal.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
1.4x
30-44 years
1.8x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
0.3x
75+ years
0.4x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.2x
Other
0.4x
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