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Drug abuse (cocaine)

Also known as Cocaine Abuse

Cocaine (INN) (benzoylmethylecgonine, an ecgonine derivative) is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. The name comes from "coca" and the alkaloid suffix -ine, forming cocaine. It is a stimulant, an appetite suppressant, and a topical anesthetic. Biologically, cocaine acts as a serotonin–norepinephrine–dopamine reuptake inhibitor, also known as a triple reuptake inhibitor (TRI). It is addictive because of its effect on the mesolimbic reward pathway.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with drug abuse (cocaine), 76% report having drug abuse, 55% report having abusing alcohol, and 48% report having depressive or psychotic symptoms. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of drug abuse (cocaine) are drug abuse and abusing alcohol, although you may still have drug abuse (cocaine) without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with drug abuse (cocaine) often receive mental health counseling, psychotherapy, urinalysis, electrocardiogram, toxicology screen, blood alcohol, liver function tests and depression screen .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with drug abuse (cocaine) include haloperidol, buprenorphine / naloxone, acamprosate (campral), naltrexone, fluphenazine (prolixin), combivir, disulfiram (antabuse), fosamprenavir (lexiva), pergolide, lopinavir, fluoxetine / olanzapine, atovaquone and clomipramine .

Haloperidol
$28
(28 days)
Acamprosate (Campral)
$126
(28 days)
Naltrexone
$95
(28 days)
Fluphenazine (Prolixin)
$31
(28 days)
Combivir
$790
(28 days)
Disulfiram (Antabuse)
$109
(28 days)
Fosamprenavir (Lexiva)
$848
(28 days)
Pergolide

Lopinavir

Atovaquone
$1281
(28 days)
Clomipramine
$25
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for drug abuse (cocaine) include age 30-44 years, race/ethnicity = black and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, and age < 1 years almost never get drug abuse (cocaine).

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
1.1x
30-44 years
2.3x
45-59 years
1.7x
60-74 years
0.2x
75+ years
0.0x

Sex

Male
1.5x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
2.3x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
0.7x
Other
0.7x
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