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Drug abuse

Also known as Recreational Drug Use

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a substance (drug) in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods neither approved nor advised by medical professionals. Substance abuse/drug abuse is not limited to mood-altering or psycho-active drugs. If an activity is performed using the objects against the rules and policies of the matter (as in steroids for performance enhancement in sports), it is also called substance abuse. Therefore, mood-altering and psychoactive substances are not the only types of drugs abused. Using illicit drugs – narcotics, stimulants, depressants (sedatives), hallucinogens, cannabis, even glues and paints, are also considered to be classified as drug/substance abuse. Substance abuse often includes problems with impulse control and impulsive behaviour.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with drug abuse, 60% report having drug abuse, 51% report having depressive or psychotic symptoms, and 46% report having depression. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of drug abuse are drug abuse and antisocial behavior, although you may still have drug abuse without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with drug abuse often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, urinalysis, mental health counseling, glucose measurement, psychotherapy, kidney function tests and electrolytes panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with drug abuse include methadone, buprenorphine / naloxone, thiamine, nicotine, naloxone (suboxone), chlordiazepoxide, buprenorphine (suboxone), kaletra, disulfiram (antabuse), acamprosate (campral), naltrexone, oxazepam and sorbitol .

Methadone
$20
(28 days)
Thiamine
$3
(28 days)
Nicotine
$179
(21 days)
Naloxone (Suboxone)
Under $1
(0 days)
Chlordiazepoxide
$8
(28 days)
Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
$326
(21 days)
Kaletra
$693
(28 days)
Disulfiram (Antabuse)
$109
(28 days)
Acamprosate (Campral)
$126
(28 days)
Naltrexone
$95
(28 days)
Oxazepam
$29
(28 days)
Sorbitol

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for drug abuse include age 30-44 years age 15-29 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years, age 1-4 years, and age < 1 years almost never get drug abuse.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
1.6x
30-44 years
2.0x
45-59 years
1.4x
60-74 years
0.2x
75+ years
0.0x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.4x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.0x
Other
0.6x
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