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Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis is a common digestive disease which involves the formation of pouches (diverticula) within the bowel wall. This process is known as diverticulosis, and typically occurs within the large intestine, or colon, although it can occasionally occur in the small intestine as well. Diverticulitis results when one of these diverticula becomes inflamed.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with diverticulitis, 87% report having sharp abdominal pain, 60% report having lower abdominal pain, and 49% report having diarrhea. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of diverticulitis are lower abdominal pain, although you may still have diverticulitis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with diverticulitis often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, radiographic imaging procedure, urinalysis, x-ray computed tomography, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests and glucose measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with diverticulitis include metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin (levaquin), zosyn, diatrizoate, iohexol (omnipaque), psyllium, barium sulfate, clavulanate / ticarcillin, iopamidol (isovue), sulfamethoxazole (bactrim), besifloxacin ophthalmic and ertapenem .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for diverticulitis include age 75+ years, age 60-74 years and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years almost never get diverticulitis.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
2.0x
75+ years
2.0x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.2x
Other
0.5x
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