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Dislocation of the ankle

Also known as Ankle Dislocation and Dislocated Ankle

A joint dislocation, or luxation, occurs when there is an abnormal separation in the joint, where two or more bones meet. A partial dislocation is referred to as a subluxation. Dislocations are often caused by sudden trauma on the joint like an impact or fall. A joint dislocation can cause damage to the surrounding ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves. Dislocations can occur in any joint major (Shoulder, knees, etc.) or minor (toes, fingers, etc.). The most common joint dislocation is a shoulder dislocation.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with dislocation of the ankle, 86% report having ankle pain, 56% report having ankle swelling, and 38% report having foot or toe pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of dislocation of the ankle are ankle pain, ankle swelling, eye strain, elbow weakness, elbow cramps or spasms, wrist weakness, feeling hot and cold, low back weakness, underweight, emotional symptoms, and muscle swelling, although you may still have dislocation of the ankle without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with dislocation of the ankle often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, application of splint, intravenous fluid replacement, cardiac monitoring, psychological and psychiatric evaluation and therapy, traction; splints; and other wound care and examination of foot .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with dislocation of the ankle include percocet, fentanyl, hydromorphone (dilaudid), morphine (rms), glucosamine, propofol, cefazolin, diphtheria toxoid vaccine / tetanus toxoid vaccine, midazolam (versed), chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, mecamylamine, grepafloxacin (raxar) and malathion topical .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for dislocation of the ankle include race/ethnicity = hispanic, sex == male and age 5-14 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years and age 1-4 years almost never get dislocation of the ankle.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
1.9x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
1.2x
45-59 years
1.4x
60-74 years
1.2x
75+ years
0.0x

Sex

Male
1.6x
Female
0.6x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
2.7x
White
0.8x
Other
0.1x
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