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Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with diabetes, 7% report having weight gain, 2% report having thirst, and 1% report having symptoms of the kidneys.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with diabetes often receive hematologic tests, glucose measurement, hemoglobin a1c measurement, lipid panel, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), wound care management, examination of foot and prostate specific antigen measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with diabetes include metformin, insulin, insulin glargine (lantus), glipizide, insulin, aspart, human (novolog), pioglitazone (actos), glyburide, glimepiride, rosiglitazone (avandia), quinapril, sitagliptin (januvia), glyburide / metformin and exenatide (byetta) .

Metformin
$9
(28 days)
Insulin

Insulin Glargine (Lantus)
$155
(28 days)
Glipizide
$10
(28 days)
Insulin, Aspart, Human (Novolog)
$194
(28 days)
Pioglitazone (Actos)
$184
(28 days)
Glyburide
$12
(28 days)
Glimepiride
$8
(28 days)
Rosiglitazone (Avandia)
$157
(28 days)
Quinapril
$15
(28 days)
Sitagliptin (Januvia)
$177
(28 days)
Exenatide (Byetta)
$240
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for diabetes include age 75+ years, age 60-74 years and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get diabetes.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.2x
15-29 years
0.3x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
2.3x
75+ years
1.5x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.2x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
0.9x
Other
1.1x
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