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Developmental disability

Also known as Child Development Disorder

Developmental disability is a term used in the United States and Canada to describe lifelong disabilities attributable to mental or physical impairments, manifested prior to age 18. It is not synonymous with "developmental delay" which is often a consequence of a temporary illness or trauma during childhood.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with developmental disability, 47% report having depressive or psychotic symptoms, 34% report having seizures, and 26% report having hostile behavior. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of developmental disability are hostile behavior, lack of growth, difficulty speaking, and obsessions and compulsions, although you may still have developmental disability without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with developmental disability often receive psychotherapy, mental health counseling, occupational therapy assessment, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), magnetic resonance imaging, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, physical therapy exercises and psychological and psychiatric evaluation and therapy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with developmental disability include risperidone, methylphenidate, divalproex sodium (depakote), carbamazepine, adderall, benztropine, oxcarbazepine (trileptal), dexmethylphenidate (focalin), guanfacine (intuniv), phenobarbital, atomoxetine (strattera), valproic acid and lisdexamfetamine (vyvanse) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for developmental disability include sex == male, age 5-14 years and age 1-4 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.4x
1-4 years
4.0x
5-14 years
3.2x
15-29 years
1.0x
30-44 years
0.6x
45-59 years
0.6x
60-74 years
0.2x
75+ years
0.1x

Sex

Male
1.5x
Female
0.6x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.3x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
0.8x
Other
1.4x
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