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Dengue fever

Also known as Dengue and Breakbone Fever

Dengue fever (UK /ˈdɛŋɡeɪ/ or US /ˈdɛŋɡiː/), also known as breakbone fever, is an infectious tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with dengue fever, 100% report having sore throat, 100% report having fever, and 32% report having preoccupation with sex. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of dengue fever are sore throat, fever, shoulder cramps or spasms, joint stiffness or tightness, and knee lump or mass, although you may still have dengue fever without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with dengue fever often receive hematologic tests, corneal transplant, transurethral resection of prostate (turp), coronary thrombolysis, control of epistaxis, ct scan abdomen, procedures on spleen and bone marrow transplant .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with dengue fever include permethrin topical, hydroxyzine, ranitidine, acetaminophen, chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, air, mecamylamine, troleandomycin, indium oxyquinoline in-111 (indium in-111 oxyquinoline), pipecuronium (arduan), grepafloxacin (raxar), rabbit anti-human t-lymphocyte globulin (thymoglobulin) and iopanoic acid .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for dengue fever include sex == male, age 15-29 years and race/ethnicity = white.

Age

< 1 years
1.4x
1-4 years
0.7x
5-14 years
0.5x
15-29 years
5.0x
30-44 years
0.2x
45-59 years
0.2x
60-74 years
0.3x
75+ years
0.5x

Sex

Male
2.2x
Female
0.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.2x
Hispanic
0.3x
White
1.6x
Other
0.9x
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