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Degenerative disc disease

Also known as Disk Degeneration and Intervertebral Disc Degeneration

Degeneration of one or more intervertebral disc(s) of the spine, often called "degenerative disc disease" (DDD) or "degenerative disc disorder," is a condition that can be painful and can greatly affect the quality of one's life. While disc degeneration is a normal part of aging and for most people is not a problem, for certain individuals a degenerated disc can cause severe chronic pain if left untreated.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with degenerative disc disease, 78% report having back pain, 77% report having low back pain, and 61% report having leg pain. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of degenerative disc disease are low back pain, although you may still have degenerative disc disease without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with degenerative disc disease often receive radiographic imaging procedure, magnetic resonance imaging, physical therapy exercises, insertion of catheter or spinal stimulator and injection into spinal canal, other therapeutic procedures, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), other non-or therapeutic procedures on musculoskeletal system and other physical therapy and rehabilitation .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with degenerative disc disease include pregabalin (lyrica), bupivacaine, carisoprodol (soma), tizanidine, iohexol (omnipaque), nabumetone, iopamidol (isovue), oxymorphone (opana), diclofenac topical product, chlorzoxazone, tegaserod (zelnorm), chondroitin and methylsulfonylmethane .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for degenerative disc disease include age 60-74 years age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, and age < 1 years almost never get degenerative disc disease.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
1.1x
45-59 years
2.0x
60-74 years
1.6x
75+ years
1.3x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.5x
Hispanic
0.5x
White
1.3x
Other
0.5x
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