Also known as Pressure Ulcer, Pressure Sores, Bed Sore, and Contact Ulcers
Pressure ulcers, also known as decubitus ulcers or bedsores, are localized injuries to the skin and/or underlying tissue that usually occur over a bony prominence as a result of pressure, or pressure in combination with shear and/or friction. The most common sites are the sacrum, coccyx, heels or the hips, but other sites such as the elbows, knees, ankles or the back of the cranium can be affected.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with decubitus ulcer, 78% report having skin lesion, 11% report having difficulty speaking, and 6% report having skin on leg or foot looks infected. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of decubitus ulcer are skin lesion, although you may still have decubitus ulcer without those symptoms.
Patients with decubitus ulcer often receive wound care management, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), debridement of wound; infection or burn, excision, referral to home health care service, examination of foot, traction; splints; and other wound care and microscopic examination (bacterial smear; culture; toxicology) .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with decubitus ulcer include mupirocin topical, collagenase topical, silver nitrate topical each, balsam peru/castor oil/trypsin topical, silver sulfadiazine topical, baclofen, oxybutynin, cellulose, sodium hypochlorite topical, sennosides, usp (perdiem), petrolatum topical, silver topical and zinc sulfate .
Groups of people at highest risk for decubitus ulcer include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years almost never get decubitus ulcer.