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Cytomegalovirus infection

Also known as CMV and Cytomegalic Inclusion Disease

Cytomegalovirus (from the Greek cyto-, "cell", and -megalo-, "large") is a viral genus of the viral family known as Herpesviridae or herpesviruses. It is typically abbreviated as CMV. The species that infects humans is commonly known as human CMV (HCMV) or human herpesvirus-5 (HHV-5), and is the most studied of all cytomegaloviruses. Within Herpesviridae, CMV belongs to the Betaherpesvirinae subfamily, which also includes the genera Muromegalovirus and Roseolovirus (HHV-6 and HHV-7). It is related to other herpesviruses within the subfamilies of Alphaherpesvirinae that includes herpes simplex viruses (HSV)-1 and -2 and varicella-zoster virus (VZV), and the Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily that includes Epstein–Barr virus. All herpesviruses share a characteristic ability to remain latent within the body over long periods. Although they may be found throughout the body, CMV infections are frequently associated with the salivary glands in humans and other mammals. Other CMV viruses are found in several mammal species, but species isolated from animals differ from HCMV in terms of genomic structure, and have not been reported to cause human disease.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with cytomegalovirus infection, 91% report having preoccupation with sex, 91% report having wrist cramps or spasms, and 91% report having joint cramps or spasms. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of cytomegalovirus infection are pain in eye, shoulder cramps or spasms, facial pain, ankle pain, wrist pain, pain during pregnancy, excessive anger, joint stiffness or tightness, pain or soreness of breast, knee lump or mass, fatigue, and excessive urination at night, although you may still have cytomegalovirus infection without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with cytomegalovirus infection often receive corneal transplant, transurethral resection of prostate (turp), coronary thrombolysis, control of epistaxis, ct scan abdomen, procedures on spleen, bone marrow transplant and removal of ectopic pregnancy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with cytomegalovirus infection include chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, air, mecamylamine, troleandomycin, indium oxyquinoline in-111 (indium in-111 oxyquinoline), pipecuronium (arduan), grepafloxacin (raxar), rabbit anti-human t-lymphocyte globulin (thymoglobulin), iopanoic acid, conjugated estrogens topical, malathion topical, gemtuzumab (mylotarg) and norelgestromin (ortho evra) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for cytomegalovirus infection include race/ethnicity = other, age 30-44 years, race/ethnicity = hispanic, age 75+ years, age 60-74 years, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, race/ethnicity = black, age 15-29 years, age 45-59 years and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
15.5x
1-4 years
8.1x
5-14 years
5.7x
15-29 years
2.6x
30-44 years
2.7x
45-59 years
2.4x
60-74 years
3.5x
75+ years
5.3x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
2.6x
Hispanic
3.4x
White
0.8x
Other
9.4x
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