Also known as Undescended Testes, Cryptorchism, and Maldescent Of Testis
Cryptorchidism (derived from the Greek κρυπτός, kryptos, meaning hidden and ὄρχις, orchis, meaning testicle) is the absence of one or both testes from the scrotum. It is the most common birth defect regarding male genitalia. In unique cases, cryptorchidism can develop later in life, often as late as young adulthood. About 3% of full-term and 30% of premature infant boys are born with at least one undescended testis. However, about 80% of cryptorchid testes descend by the first year of life (the majority within three months), making the true incidence of cryptorchidism around 1% overall. Cryptorchidism is distinct from monorchism the condition of having only one testicle.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with cryptorchidism, 50% report having symptoms of the scrotum and testes, 16% report having swelling of scrotum, and 9% report having pus draining from ear. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of cryptorchidism are symptoms of the scrotum and testes, swelling of scrotum, flatulence, pus draining from ear, jaundice, mass in scrotum, and white discharge from eye, although you may still have cryptorchidism without those symptoms.
Patients with cryptorchidism often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), ultrasonography, pelvis exam, rectal examination, other or therapeutic procedures; male genital, other or therapeutic nervous system procedures, occupational therapy assessment and ophthalmic examination and evaluation .
|Complete physical skin exam performed (ML)|
|Other OR therapeutic procedures; male genital||$2635|
|Other OR therapeutic nervous system procedures||$1437|
|Occupational therapy assessment (Speech therapy)|
|Ophthalmic examination and evaluation (Eye exam)|
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with cryptorchidism include haemophilus b conjugate vaccine (obsolete), hepatitis b vaccine (obsolete), rotavirus vaccines (rotavirus vaccine), desoximetasone topical, guaifenesin / pseudoephedrine, diphth/haemophilus/pertussis/tetanus/polio and petrolatum topical .
Groups of people at highest risk for cryptorchidism include race/ethnicity = other, race/ethnicity = hispanic, sex == male, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years, age 60-74 years, and sex == female almost never get cryptorchidism.