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Cryptococcosis

Also known as Cryptococcus Neoformans, Torula, and Torulosis

Cryptococcosis, or cryptococcal disease, is a potentially fatal fungal disease. It is caused by one of two species; Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii. These were all previously thought to be subspecies of C. neoformans, but have now been identified as distinct species.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with cryptococcosis, 63% report having lip swelling, 63% report having fainting, and 63% report having seizures. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of cryptococcosis are lip swelling, fainting, seizures, shoulder swelling, nailbiting, eye strain, cross-eyed, vulvar sore, hip stiffness or tightness, itchy eyelid, and wrist weakness, although you may still have cryptococcosis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with cryptococcosis often receive glucose measurement, hematologic tests, ophthalmic examination and evaluation, physical therapy exercises, magnetic resonance imaging, lipid panel, corneal transplant and transurethral resection of prostate (turp) .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with cryptococcosis include amphotericin b, ocular lubricant, dapsone, sodium bicarbonate, influenza virus vaccine, h1n1, inactivated, fluconazole (diflucan), phenytoin (dilantin), ranitidine, amlodipine, chlorpheniramine / phenindamine / phenylpropanolamine, air, mecamylamine and troleandomycin .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for cryptococcosis include age 30-44 years, race/ethnicity = hispanic, sex == male, age 1-4 years, race/ethnicity = black and age 15-29 years. On the other hand, age 60-74 years almost never get cryptococcosis.

Age

< 1 years
0.2x
1-4 years
2.4x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
2.3x
30-44 years
1.6x
45-59 years
0.7x
60-74 years
0.0x
75+ years
0.1x

Sex

Male
1.7x
Female
0.5x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
2.2x
Hispanic
2.9x
White
0.2x
Other
0.1x
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