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Crushing injury

Also known as Crush Injury, Pressure Injury, and Compression Injury

A crush injury is injury by an object that causes compression of the body. This form of injury is common following a natural disaster or after some form of trauma from a deliberate attack. Common concerns after an injury of this type are rhabdomyolysis and crush syndrome.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with crushing injury, 62% report having hand or finger pain, 30% report having foot or toe pain, and 22% report having hand or finger swelling. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of crushing injury are hand or finger pain and hand or finger stiffness or tightness, although you may still have crushing injury without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with crushing injury often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, application of splint, wound care management, suturing of wound, prothrombin time assay, incision and drainage and occupational therapy assessment .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with crushing injury include cephalexin, cefazolin, tetanus toxoid vaccine (adacel), diphtheria toxoid vaccine / tetanus toxoid vaccine, bupivacaine, chromium picolinate, lidocaine topical product, trolamine salicylate topical, vecuronium, dimenhydrinate (dramamine), diphtheria toxoid vaccine (prohibit), chlorpheniramine / pseudoephedrine and acetylcysteine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for crushing injury include sex == male. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get crushing injury.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
1.2x
5-14 years
0.9x
15-29 years
1.3x
30-44 years
1.3x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
0.7x
75+ years
0.4x

Sex

Male
1.6x
Female
0.6x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
1.1x
Other
0.7x
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