Atherosclerosis (also known as arteriosclerotic vascular disease or ASVD) is a condition in which an artery wall thickens as a result of the accumulation of fatty materials such as cholesterol and triglyceride. It is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels, a chronic inflammatory response in the walls of arteries, caused largely by the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells and promoted by low-density lipoproteins (LDL, plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) without adequate removal of fats and cholesterol from the macrophages by functional high-density lipoproteins (HDL) (see apoA-1 Milano). It is commonly referred to as a hardening or furring of the arteries. It is caused by the formation of multiple plaques within the arteries.Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with coronary atherosclerosis, 55% report having sharp chest pain, 41% report having shortness of breath, and 20% report having fatigue.
Patients with coronary atherosclerosis often receive hematologic tests, electrocardiogram, lipid panel, glucose measurement, ultrasonography, echocardiography, hemoglobin a1c measurement and other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation) .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with coronary atherosclerosis include aspirin, metoprolol, clopidogrel (plavix), simvastatin, nitroglycerin, carvedilol, isosorbide, rosuvastatin (crestor), digoxin, ezetimibe (zetia), ezetimibe / simvastatin, ramipril and niacin .
Groups of people at highest risk for coronary atherosclerosis include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, age 15-29 years, and age < 1 years almost never get coronary atherosclerosis.