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Coronary atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis (also known as arteriosclerotic vascular disease or ASVD) is a condition in which an artery wall thickens as a result of the accumulation of fatty materials such as cholesterol and triglyceride. It is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels, a chronic inflammatory response in the walls of arteries, caused largely by the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells and promoted by low-density lipoproteins (LDL, plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) without adequate removal of fats and cholesterol from the macrophages by functional high-density lipoproteins (HDL) (see apoA-1 Milano). It is commonly referred to as a hardening or furring of the arteries. It is caused by the formation of multiple plaques within the arteries.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with coronary atherosclerosis, 55% report having sharp chest pain, 41% report having shortness of breath, and 20% report having fatigue.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with coronary atherosclerosis often receive hematologic tests, electrocardiogram, lipid panel, glucose measurement, ultrasonography, echocardiography, hemoglobin a1c measurement and other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation) .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with coronary atherosclerosis include aspirin, metoprolol, clopidogrel (plavix), simvastatin, nitroglycerin, carvedilol, isosorbide, rosuvastatin (crestor), digoxin, ezetimibe (zetia), ezetimibe / simvastatin, ramipril and niacin .

Aspirin
$3
(28 days)
Metoprolol
$16
(28 days)
Clopidogrel (Plavix)
$151
(28 days)
Simvastatin
$11
(28 days)
Nitroglycerin
$31
(28 days)
Carvedilol
$16
(28 days)
Isosorbide
$12
(28 days)
Rosuvastatin (Crestor)
$109
(28 days)
Digoxin
$6
(28 days)
Ezetimibe (Zetia)
$100
(28 days)
Ramipril
$17
(28 days)
Niacin
$105
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for coronary atherosclerosis include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, age 15-29 years, and age < 1 years almost never get coronary atherosclerosis.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
0.0x
30-44 years
0.2x
45-59 years
1.0x
60-74 years
2.8x
75+ years
3.7x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.5x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.3x
Other
0.8x
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