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Conjunctivitis due to allergy

Also known as Allergic Conjunctivitis and Atopic Conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva (the membrane covering the white part of the eye) due to allergy. Although allergens differ between patients, the most common cause is hay fever. Symptoms consist of redness (mainly due to vasodilation of the peripheral small blood vessels), oedema (swelling) of the conjunctiva, itching and increased lacrimation (production of tears). If this is combined with rhinitis, the condition is termed allergic rhinoconjunctivitis.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with conjunctivitis due to allergy, 74% report having eye redness, 71% report having itchiness of eye, and 67% report having pain in eye. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of conjunctivitis due to allergy are eye redness, itchiness of eye, pain in eye, lacrimation, swollen eye, eye burns or stings, symptoms of eye, and sneezing, although you may still have conjunctivitis due to allergy without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with conjunctivitis due to allergy often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), hemoglobin a1c measurement, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, ophthalmic examination and evaluation, other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, other diagnostic procedures on skin and subcutaneous tissue, diagnostic procedures on eye and diagnostic procedures on nose; mouth and pharynx .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with conjunctivitis due to allergy include olopatadine ophthalmic, loratadine (claritin), cetirizine (zyrtec), mometasone nasal product, ketotifen ophthalmic, azelastine ophthalmic, azelastine nasal, dexamethasone-tobramycin ophthalmic, naphazoline ophthalmic, fluticasone topical product, tetracaine (one touch), fluorescein ophthalmic and epinastine ophthalmic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for conjunctivitis due to allergy include age 5-14 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.6x
1-4 years
1.2x
5-14 years
3.4x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
0.8x
60-74 years
0.6x
75+ years
0.5x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.2x
Hispanic
1.3x
White
0.8x
Other
1.3x
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